Installation Methods and Finishing Treatments

When choosing a floor treatment, there is far more to consider than just the visual aspect of the floor. The installation options will vary depending on the type of the wood flooring, subfloor type and the location where the wood will be installed. Also, deciding which finish to use will depend largely on the type of wood, maintenance, and on your own needs and expectations.


The process of wood floor sanding and finishing depends on many different factors, as there are several mechanical and chemical processes combined in creating your one of a kind wood floor.


The mechanical processes are about different sanding techniques and finishing application methods. The chemical processes involve all products and materials used on the project such as adhesives, sealers, stains, lacquers, oils, and waxes.

Finishing Treatments:
Wood floor refinishing provides a cost effective alternative to replacing hardwood floors. The most basic process of finishing wood flooring consists of the following steps: sanding the wood surface, staining to achieve a desired color, and finishing with chosen wood flooring finish.


Proper sanding provides a smooth surface that is essential for a satisfactory finish because any imperfections and irregularities in the surface will be accentuated by the finish. Stains are used to obtain a more uniform color when wood boards vary too much in their natural colors, or they can be used to accent the grain pattern. Many different finishing treatments can be applied to the  wood floors to protect them from wear and abrasion, improve their performance, and enhance the natural beauty of the wood floor.


Most of the wood floors we work with today are finished with plant-based, VOC-free, and completely non-toxic natural oil finishes. They are made of natural materials, primarily cold pressed vegetable oils, and hardening oils. The finish penetrates deeply into surface of the wood, and as it dries, it hardens to form a very durable protective coat and becomes a part of the wood floor. Natural oiled floors are environmentally sound and simple to maintain. Oil can be re-applied or touched up in the future, and no sanding prior to finish application is required.

We strongly believe that this finish provides a warmth and refinement to the floors that cannot be achieved with any acrylic or polyurethane finish.


For other projects that require natural looking but more durable finish, we use low VOC alternative: water based finishes that dry and cure quickly. They now offer great durability and resist yellowing. This type of finish highlights the natural beauty of the wood floor with an almost invisible coat that is very strong and easy to maintain. With significantly reduced fumes, less solvent than conventional solvent-based finishes, water-based finish became very popular among eco-minded floor men.


Wax finish is a perfect choice for old fashioned wood floors, and it is still admired by many people. When applied, it soaks into the pores of the wood and hardens to form protective, amber in color coat. This low VOC, very durable finish system protects and beautifies the floor but requires special care and maintenance and it needs to be re-coated more often than other floor finishes.

Installation Methods:

Nail down:

Typically used when installing a solid wood floor. The wood boards are attached to the wood subfloor by 2" or shorter nails.

Staple down:

Staples are used instead of nails to secure the hardwood floor to the wood subfloor. This method is mainly used with engineered plank or strip.

Glue down:

Common when installing wood boards over a concrete subfloor.

Sika AcouBond System:

An adhesive and acoustic system used to bond structurally sound solid or engineered hardwood to subfloor.

     Sika AcouBond System


Floating installation:

The floor is not fastened to any part of the subfloor, a proper wood glue is applied in the tongue and groove of each board to hold the pieces together.